Cheetahs once ranged across the entire African continent, except for the Congo Basin, and into Asia from the Arabian Peninsula to eastern India. Today, cheetahs are found in only 23 per cent of their historic African range and are extinct in their Asian range except for a small population in Iran of 70 individuals.
There are 31 populations of cheetah where 50 per cent of total cheetah population lives in Southern Africa. There are 20 population with less then 100 cheetah, making them very genetically vulnerable due to fragmentation and isolation. Furthermore, 76 per cent of the cheetah lives outside protected areas, and therefore more vulnerable to Human-Wildlife Conflict.